The parks and squares that make up the Adelaide Park Lands all have dual names: recognising both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander heritage.
Discover more about the five women acknowledged in some of Adelaide’s most prominent squares.
Hindmarsh Square / Mukata
Traditionally, this location was an important meeting place for Aboriginal elders. Mukata was one of the four wives of Mullawirraburka – a Kaurna elder and skilful warrior. Mukata was also known as ‘Pretty Mary’. This square is home to a sculptural play space and the Bunya Bunya Pine – the CBD’s tallest tree.
Hurtle Square / Tangkaira
Tangkaira or ‘Charlotte’ hailed from the Clare District. As well as being the wife of Ityamai-itpina or ‘King Rodney’ – a key negotiator who worked with colonists – she was responsible for writing one of the earliest examples of written Kaurna language: a letter from 1841 by school children to Governor Gawler pleading with him to continue working as Governor. These rare materials continue to be an important resource in reviving the Kaurna language.
Light Square / Wauwi
Unfortunately, little historical information is known about Wauwi, but she was the wife of Kadlitpina, a well-known Kaurna elder. Also referred to as ‘Captain Jack’, Kadlitpina was appointed as an honourable constable; attending official meetings with the Governor and being issued with a baton and uniform.
Wellington Square / Kudnartu
Kudnartu was a Kaurna woman, also from the Clare District. Her marriage to Tom Adams, estimated to have taken place in 1847, was the first official Aboriginal/settler marriage in South Australia. In addition to this historical union, it’s believed Kudnartu taught her illiterate husband to write.
Whitmore Square / Iparrityi
Iparrityi (once referred to as Ivaritji) which translates to ‘gentle misty rain’ was born in the latter part of the 1840s and died in 1929. Iparrityi is often acknowledged as the last full Kaurna speaker. Known as an interesting personality with a high level of intelligence and keen sense of humour, Iparrityi provided anthropologists with valuable information about the Kaurna people, their language and customs.
Look out for the detailed interpretive signage at each square, to find out more fascinating insights about these important city spaces.
Three years ago, the development of the Stretch Reconciliation Action Plan (RAP) 2015-2018 made City of Adelaide the first Australian local government to implement a RAP that extended over more than one year.
Extensive community engagement between September and November 2017 is currently informing drafting of a new Stretch Reconciliation Action Plan 2018-2021. This sincere and lengthy process has enabled anyone with an interest in the City of Adelaide’s Reconciliation agenda to be actively involved.
“I’m proud of the lead the City of Adelaide has taken nationally in prioritising Reconciliation and collaborating so closely with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities to develop our agenda in this area,” said Yvonne Agius, Dual-Chair of City of Adelaide’s Reconciliation Committee. “With the creation of Council’s new Stretch RAP I’m confident we will build on our significant past achievements and hope to encourage councils elsewhere to follow suit.”
For more information, visit cityofadelaide.com.au/reconciliation